Yemen is once again stepping into rampant and dire food insecurity after one-year of the escalated conflict, civil insecurity, poor crop harvest and disruptions of markets and trade activities, reports the Food Security Update published February 28th by FAO under the Yemen Food Security Information Systems (FSIS) Development Programme.
More than 50 percent of the population (14.4 million people) suffering from food insecurity and malnutrition and a quarter of the population (7.6 million people) is severely food insecure. The overall humanitarian situation in Yemen is alarming.
The Food Security Update highlights:
- The 2015 rain-fed and irrigated agriculture production (275,773 MT) are 30 percent less than in 2014, due to inadequate seasonal rains, poor access to farmlands, and high prices of agriculture inputs.
- The Ministry of Trade and Industry (MoTI) estimates that around 3,024,827 MT of wheat grain is needed in 2016.
- More than 2.5 million people are affected due to the closure of safety net programmes and the freezing or suspensions of different donor-supported development programmes.
- Local conflict and displacement have distressed livelihoods. The destruction of public and private infrastructure is causing the extensive loss of private business.
Although, the supply of fuel and cooking gas shows slight improvement in most target governorates, compared to the pre-crisis, the average monthly price of diesel has increased by 159 percent and the average monthly price of petrol by 197 percent. Agriculture public services, including veterinary disease surveillance, vaccination, and plant protection have been eroded by the conflict, exposing livestock and agriculture productions to great risks.
Given the current situation it is foreseen that the food security of most affected populations in the active conflict areas of Taiz, Saada, Hajjah, Aljawf, Marib and Shabwa will seriously deteriorate. The ongoing fighting along the Sanaa-Marib road will further aggravate the scarcity and price of fuel and cooking gas, which will have a knock-on effect on the overall economy and services in the country.
The insecurity and continued challenges to conduct assessments and humanitarian actions will further compromise the quality of the interventions across the country. This includes assessing the food and nutrition security situation, agriculture, livestock, fisheries, markets and the overall macro and micro economic indicators.
The following recommendations for action are given:
- Humanitarian response should urgently reach most affected populations to prevent their food insecurity from further deteriorating.
- The humanitarian community should continue advocating for the twin-track approach of providing humanitarian assistance, side by side implementing activities that enhance resilience of livelihoods.
- Continued efforts are required to meet the basic needs of the affected population and most vulnerable and to build the communities’ resilience to shock through early recovery, rehabilitation programmes.
The Yemen Food Security Update is produced under the Yemen Food Security Information Systems (FSIS) Development Programme, funded by the European Union and implemented by the Agriculture and Food Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in coordination and collaboration with the Food Security Technical Secretariat (FSTS) of the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MOPIC).
Source : Fao